Jenna Lilla limns the path of soul in the work of Carl Jung
“In the manifold phenomenology of the “child” we have to distinguish between the unity and plurality of its respective manifestations. Where, for instance, numerous homunculi, dwarfs, boys, etc., appear, having no individual characteristics at all, there is the probability of a dissociation. … ” (Carl Jung CW 9i, para. 279)
Notice that the Gnomes in this image are asking their way back to the mountain. In this context the mountain may be an image of the Self. Id so, then the Gnomes may be seen as dissociates aspects of the Self that that are trying to make their way home.